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Geological and Paleontological Collections

The Geological and Paleontological Collections

The collections of the Institute of Geography and Geology, includes more than 20 individual collections from over the world from the fields of paleontology, geology and mineralogy. The Geological Institute includes over two million collection items, especially of paleontology. Particularly important is the so-called type collection, which alone includes more than 1,000 holotypes. There are references to the description of species. The most significant holotype of Greifswald is the dinosaur Emausaurus ernsti from Grimmen, named after Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University. The collections are divided also into micro-fossils, vertebrates, invertebrates and fossil plants, as well as larger special collections such as the fossils of Ruegen chalk or the Zarnglaff- collection.
Other major collection includes the geology, petrography, mineralogy and clay mineralogy. Parts of this important collection are meteorites of the 19th- Century, which contains samples of about 400 meteorites worldwide. The beginning of the collection goes back of the first-mentioned Minerals Cabinet of the University of Greifswald in 1777. The basis of collection is the primarily intensive collecting activity at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th Century, connected with the names of Prof. Dr. Emil Cohen, Prof. Dr. Wilhelm Deeke and Prof. Dr. Otto Jaekel.
Jaekel opened in 1908 the Pomeranian Geological Collection and created a public exhibition. The collection "Landessammlung" showing a comprehensive insight into the regional geological problems, contains valuable paleontological objects with the emphasis on Jurassic, Cretaceous and Quaternary and rich collections glacial erratics.
After an extensive reorganization, the Collection in Greifswald reopened in 1975 and it is now known as the Geological Collection of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. They currently contains about 150,000 objects, a part is presenting in glass cabinets. The exhibition is open for students, school groups and interested visitors after consultation.
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